- Librería: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts (Canada)
- Año de publicación: 1968
- Editor: Naval Historical Foundation
- Sugetos: ,AMERICANA - North & South America
- Peso del envío: 750 g
- Lugar de publicación: Washington, D.C.
8vo. 28 pages including photographic illustration. Blue wrappers, titled and illustrated to front including the foundation's logo, and with museum address and issue sequence details to verso. With a double leaf printing of the minutes of the Foundation's annual member meeting held 23 May 1968 placed within. Item measures approximately 22 x 13 cm. This is a complete issue, in very good, original condition. A fascinating chronology of the daring and fruitful commerce raiding activities of Captain Raphael Semmes and the screw sloop-of-war C.S.S. Alabama. The spectacular success of this duo is unparalleled in all of history. Raphael Semmes (1809-1877) was an officer in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War, the most successful commerce raider in maritime history, taking 65 prizes during this war. Prior to that, he had been a serving officer in the US Navy from 1826 to 1860. Semmes was promoted to captain and sailed away on CSS Alabama on Sunday, 2 August 1862. The ship was commissioned off Terceira, a volcanic island in the Azores archipelago. He continued with CSS Alabama until June 1864. His operations carried him from the Atlantic to the Gulf of Mexico, around Africa's Cape of Good Hope, and into the Pacific to the East Indies. During this cruise, Alabama captured 65 U.S. merchantmen and quickly destroyed the USS Hatteras, off Galveston. CSS Alabama finally sailed back to the Atlantic and made port in Cherbourg, France, for a much-needed overhaul; she was soon blockaded by the pursuing Union steam sloop-of-war, USS Kearsarge. One fateful day, 19 June 1864, Captain Semmes took Alabama out and met the similar Kearsarge in one of the most famous naval engagements of the Civil War. A sea battle of cross fire ensued, and eventually CSS Alabama was going down by the stern. Kearsarge stood off at a distance and observed at the orders of her captain John Ancrum Winslow. The latter eventually sent rescue boats for survivors after taking aboard Alabama survivors from one of the raider's two surviving longboats. As his command sank, the wounded Semmes threw his sword into the sea, depriving Kearsarge's Captain Winslow of the traditional surrender ceremony of having it handed over to him as victor. Semmes was eventually rescued, along with forty-one of his crewmen, by the British yacht Deerhound and three French pilot boats. He and the forty-one were then taken to England where all but one recovered; while there they were hailed as naval heroes, despite the loss of Alabama. After the war, the U.S. briefly held Semmes as a prisoner after the war, but released him on parole, then later arrested him for treason on 15 December 1865. All charges were eventually dropped, and he was finally released on 7 April 1866. The Naval Historical Foundation, located at the Washington Navy Yard, in Washington, D.C., is a nonprofit organization founded in 1926. Its mission is to preserve and promote the naval history of the United States by supporting official Sea Services programs and institutions, meeting the needs of the public for naval history, and collecting historical items. The foundation began publishing the blue-wrapper pamphlet series in 1964, each one memorializing a unique and significant topic or person(s) in U.S. naval history.